Civil War Letters

25th Michigan Volunteer Infantry Regiment

Col. Orlando H. Moore, US Army, 1856-1865
Col. Orlando H. Moore, US Army

Col. Orlando H. Moore, US Army, 1856-1865

In California in 1861, Lieutenant Moore helped to foil the plot to carry the Pacific states out of the Union. While Provost Marshal in Louisville, Ky., 1863, he attempted to break up the system of seizing Negro servants of officers of the U.S. Army and to protect their rights. He gives a graphic account of the battle of Tebb's Bend on the Green River, July 4, 1863, in which he declined to surrender because it was the Fourth of July, of the battle of Franklin, and of the capture of Fort Anderson in February, 1865. Moore was in the regular army at the outbreak of the war; lieutenant colonel, 13th Michigan Infantry, 1861-1862; colonel, 25th Michigan Infantry, 1862-1865. He was made brevet major, U.S. Army, for gallant and meritorious service at Tebb's Bend, and brevet lieutenant colonel of the U.S. Army in 1865. At the close of the Civil War, he returned to service in the regular army. Moore was from Schoolcraft, Mich.
  -- extracted from: Bentley Historical Library



A Brief Unit History of the 25th Mich

The following is extrcted from:
Source - "A Compendium of the War of the Rebellion"
    by Frederick H. Dyer (Part 3)
My additions are highlighted.
Also see: for another history
and the Regimental and Co. 'A' Roster at that site.
Organized at Kalamazoo, Mich., and mustered in September 22, 1862.

    25th Mich Vol Inf Regt
    Colonel Orlando H. Moore, commanding, Schoolcraft
    Lt. Colonel Benjamin F. Orcutt, Kalamazoo
    Capt Charles B. Pratt, Marshall
    1st Lt Orange Bugbee, Homer
    2nd Lt Norris J. Frink,	Marshall

Left State for Louisville, Ky., September 29.
    muster shows strength of 896 officers and men
Attached to:
	District of Louisville, Dept. of the Ohio, to Dec 1862;
    District of Western Kentucky, Dept. of the Ohio to June 1863.
	2nd Div, 23rd Army Corps., Army of the Ohio to Aug 1863;
    1st Brigade, 2nd Div, 23rd Army Corps, Army of the Ohio to Feb 1865;
    Dept. of North Carolina to June 1865.

Duty at Louisville, Ky., until December 9, 1862.
Moved to Munfordsville December 9, and duty there until January 8, 1863.
Operations against Morgan December 22, 1862, to January 2, 1863.
Action at Bacon Creek, near Munfordsville, December 26, 1862.

Moved to Bowling Green, Ky., January 8, 1863,
    and duty there until March 26.
Moved to Lebanon, Ky., March 26,
    and operations against Pegram's forces March 26-April 3.
Provost and guard duty at Louisville until August.
    (Cos. "D," "E," "F," "I" and "K" moved to Lebanon June 10,
        thence to Green River Bridge under Moore [see above].
        Action at Green River Bridge, Tebb's Bend. July 4.
        Successfully repulse Gen. John Morgan and his command of 4,000
        with a loss of 50 killed and 200 wounded.)
        [Wm, being in Co. "A," missed this one.]

Moved to Lebanon, Ky., August 17.
Burnside's Campaign in East Tennessee August 17-October 17.
March over Cumberland Mountains to Knoxville, Tenn., Aug 17-Sept 4.
	[Wm doesn't complete march,
	 "...sick with the remitten fever" Lebanon Sept 6,
    ["Aug 31/63 left sick at Crelesboro?, Ky while on march ...
    Oct 31/63 Absent in Hspl, Knoxsville, Tenn" --AG
Duty at Loudon until November 9.
Knoxville Campaign November 4-December 23.
Moved to Kingston November 9,
    and duty there until December 4.
Repulse of Wheeler's attack on Kingston November 24.
Near Kingston December 4.
March to Mossy Creek December 4-27.
Action at Mossy Creek, Talbot Station, December 29.
    [Order of Battle: 25th Mich in reserve]
Duty at Mossy Creek until January 18, 1864.
Moved to Knoxville January 18-21
    and duty there until February 24.
Advance to Morristown February 24-March 12.
To Mossy Creek March 18
    thence march to Red Clay, Ga., March 25-May 4.

    [ Wm is still at Mossey Cr on April 23, --
     "...crushed on the cars on the 25th day of April 1864
     while advancing on Knoxville Tenn".
         -- Otis Hoyt 30th Regt, Wis Vol, Post Surgeon
     Muster Roll of Co."A" ...  May June 1864, reported:
         "Pvt. William O Wells In Hospital at Nashville, Tenn".
     Muster Out roll dated June 24/65 reported
     	 mustered out that date with remark
         "Detached duty as orderly at Military Prison, Louisville, Ky".
          -- Adj Gen Office,  April 24th, 1871]

Atlanta (Ga.) Campaign May 4-September 8.
Demonstrations on Dalton May 9-13.
Battle of Resaca May 14-15.
Advance on Dallas May 18-25.
Operations on line of Pumpkin Vine Creek and battles about
    Dallas, New Hope Church and Allatoona Hills May 25-June 5.
Pickett's Mills May 27.
Operations about Marietta and against Kenesaw Mountain June 10-July 2.
Lost Mountain June 15-17.
Muddy Creek June 17.
Noyes' Creek June 19.
Kolb's Farm June 22.
Assault on Kenesaw June 27.
Nickajack Creek July 2-5.
Chattahoochie River July 5-17.
Decatur July 19.
Howard House July 20.
Battle of Atlanta July 22.
Siege of Atlanta July 22-August 25.
Utoy Creek August 5-7.
Flank movement on Jonesboro August 25-30.
Lovejoy Station September 2-6.
Pursuit of Hood into Alabama October 4-26.
Moved to Johnsonville, Tenn., November 2-5,
    thence to Centreville and guard fords of Duck River until Nov 28.
Battle of Franklin November 30.
Battle of Nashville December 15-16.
Pursuit of Hood to the Tennessee River December 17-28.
At Clifton, Tenn., until January 16, 1865.
Moved to Washington, D.C.,
    thence to Fort Fisher, N. C., January 16-February 15.
Fort Anderson February 18-19.
Town Creek February 19-20.
Capture of Wilmington February 22.
Campaign of the Carolinas March 1-April 26.
Advance on Goldsboro March 6-21.
Occupation of Goldsboro March 21.
Advance on Raleigh April 10-14.
Occupation of Raleigh April 14.
Bennett's House April 26.
    Surrender of Johnston and his army.
Duty at Sailsbury, N. C., until June.
Mustered out June 24, 1865.

Regiment lost during service
    1 Officer and 34 Enlisted men killed and mortally wounded and
    2 Officers and 141 Enlisted men by disease.
    Total 178.




edited by Peter J Wait, 11/4/2003
copyright © 2003, by Peter J Wait,